Is fasting in Ramadaan obligatory upon a person who has been declared insane permanently?

Q. My daughter has been declared insane permanently by the doctors due to severe sickness and illness. As such, she has the mind of a two year old child. Does she have to fast in Ramadan? If so, do I have to give Fidyah for her missed fasts of Ramadaan?

A. Fasting in Ramadaan is obligatory upon every Muslim that is sane and mature. Hence, if a person is insane or not mature, the fasting of Ramadaan is not compulsory on him/her, neither is Fidyah necessary on behalf of his/hers missed fasts. (Al Iktiyaar Li Ta’leelil Mukhtaar 1/125)

Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa