Compensation (Kaffarah) for breaking an oath

Q. Today I was angry on few small issues at home at some point when my temper got out of control I swore on Quran without holding it on my hand. I am getting married after 10 days and I swore that I will not do shopping for myself until the very last day before my wedding. After few minutes I realized what I did and now don’t know what to do. My exact words were “ Quran ki Kasam I will not go for shopping..etc etc ”

Please guide me what to do as I have to do a lot of shopping for myself but I swore that I will not.

A. The statement “Quran Ki Kasam I will not go for shopping” is considered a valid oath. While such a statement is a valid and binding oath, you should avoid taking oaths on the Quran as it is not appropriate to do so. It is only appropriate to take an oath in one of the Names of Allah or one of His Attributes.

In the enquired case, you should honor your oath as much as possible and avoid shopping until the night before your wedding. All you’re shopping should then be done on the night preceding your wedding.

However, if you cannot honor your oath and choose to go shopping before your wedding then this will necessitate a Kaffarah. The kaffārah for breaking an oath is the feeding of ten needy persons twice a day for one day or providing them clothing. If one is not financially able to feed or cloth them then he must fast for 3 days in continuous succession instead.

Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

لا) يقسم ( بغير الله تعالى كالنبي والقرآن والكعبة ) قال الكمال : ولا يخفى أن }

 الحلف بالقرآن الآن متعارف فيكون يمينا

وعند الثلاثة المصحف والقرآن وكلام الله يمين. {رد المحتار، كتاب الأيمان: ٥ /٤٨٤-٤٨٥ دار الكتب العلمية}

( لَا ) أَيْ لَا يُقْسِمُ ( بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى كَالنَّبِيِّ ، وَالْقُرْآنِ ، وَالْكَعْبَةِ ) لِقَوْلِهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ { مَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ حَالِفًا فَلْيَحْلِفْ بِاَللَّهِ أَوْ لِيَذَرْ } { درر الحكام، ج 5، ص 175}

ولا يقسم بغيره تعالى كالنبى والقرآن والكعبة، واليمين بغير الله مكروه وقيل لا خصوصا فى زماننا هذا لضعف الإيمان، ولا يخفى أن الحلف بالقرآن الآن متعارف فيكون يمينا والمصحف والقرآن يمين، والتبرى من المصحف والقرآن يمين { الأجوبة الخفية في مذهب أبي حنيفة، ج 1، ص 180}.

آب كي مسائل أور أن كا حل، ٤/ ٢٨٣-٢٨٤ مكتبة لدهيانوي

فتاوى عثماني، ٢/ ٤٩٥-٤٩٦ مكتبة معارف القران كراتشي